We at Optimum Health Group develop individualize plans for our sport injury patients, from the amateurs to the professional athletes.  We work on getting back into the game by various types of techniques of healing and stretching.

Types of Sports Injury

Sports injuries can occur to a number of different structures in the body or often a combination of tissues including muscles, ligaments and bone. Below we explain some of the more common types of sports injury.


Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa or sac of fluid which is located in a joint between a tendon and a bone. The bursa is used to lubricate and reduce friction. When a bursa becomes inflammed it swells up and can be painful.

Common sports injuries involving bursa include knee bursitis or housemaids knee, elbow bursitis, trochantic bursitis at the hip and subacromial bursitis in the shoulder


Tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon which joins muscle to bone. They can become inflamed through over use where the injury will come on gradually, or tendonitis can occur following a strain or tear of a muscle which is not allowed to rest and heal properly. Tendinitis is also the term given to a number of other injuries which are not strictly inflammation of the tendon but have similar symptoms. These can include degeneration of the tendon (tendinosis) and inflammation of the sheath surrounding the tendon.


A strain is the term given to a tear in a muscle or tendon. A muscle strain is often graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on how bad they are. A grade 1 muscle strain may be just a few fibres torn where a grade 3 is a severe or complete muscle rupture.


A fracture is a broken bone. There are many different types of fracture depending on how the bone breaks including spiral, greenstick, oblique, transverse and avulsion which is where a tendon pulls a small part of the bone away. An open fracture is where the skin is broken and bone pokes through. This comes with an increased risk of infection and other complications. Seek medical attention immediately if you suspect a fracture.

Stress fractures

A stress fracture is a hairline crack or very thin fracture in the bone caused by repetitive forces and over use. A stress fracture of the shin bone is a common sports injury. Stress fractures will often not show up initially on an X-ray but will become obvious once the bones has started to heal.


A sprain is an injury or tear to ligaments which connect bone to bone. Like strains a sprain can be graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on severity with a grade 3 sprain being a complete or almost complete rupture of the ligament. Ligament sprains are common in sports injuries especially at the knee joint and the ankle joint.

Common Sports Injuries we treat:

  • Headaches\migraines
  • Neck pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Sciatica
  • Carpal Tunnel
  • Sprain/Strains of the Wrist, Elbows, Shoulders and Ankles
  • Golfer’s Elbow
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries
  • Frozen Shoulder
  • Plantar Fascitis
  • Shin Splints
  • Knee pain
  • Jumpers Knee
  • Hamstring Sprain/strains
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome